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Ilocano Food Terminologies Question

P.N. Wit
5/31/2015 10:47:00 PM

Hello. I posted this in another Ilocano forum but no one has been able to offer their opinion about it.

First of all, I would like to ask for your understanding and patience. I am not Ilocano. I've tried my absolute best to research about my questions but have come across contradictory information. I thought it'd be better to try to ask for your opinion instead since you would know Ilocano culture best.

I'm currently researching about kinilaw for an article I'm writing. Kinilaw in Bisaya is essentially raw food (such as fish or beef) treated with souring agents (like vinegar) and eaten as is. I've heard and read the term "kilawin" used by Tagalogs to mean the same thing as kinilaw. I think however that the term may have a different meaning in Ilocos.

In some books, the Ilocano "kilawin" or "kilawen" is sometimes used to refer to kinilaw. My Visayan mother, however, who has lived for decades in Northern Luzon says that kinilaw and the Ilocano kilawin are different. Whereas kinilaw is almost raw, kilawin in Ilocos is really cooked - boiled/grilled goat mixed with vinegar and other condiments.

In your opinion, would you say that the Ilocano "kilawin" is really different from the Bisaya "kinilaw".

Your opinion is much appreciated. Thank you in advance.


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6/15/2015 6:20:00 PM
Kilawen /Kilawin /Kinilaw are Ilokano terms that can be used interchangeably and still maintains its identity, kilawen ngarud!

It can be used as a VERB (a part of speech that conveys an action), ADVERB (provides more information about a verb in a sentence) and ADJECTIVE (usually placed just before the word they qualify).

Ngamin, sa bayan namin, If you use basic ingridients such as chopped onions, chopped ginger roots,vinegar, black pepper, salt, and chopped sili nga sairo, one can assume that you are preparing a kilawen or kinilaw. Goat meat need to be at least half cooked or BBQ and siced thinly before mixing all the ingridients. My friends, this is still classified as KILAWEN/ KINILAW. It is not fully cooked and soft but rather, nakulbet para yung mga baket.

Goat meat particularly, the skin is tough and you would want to BBQ the other side before slicing it for pulutan. In Guam, a chicken kilawen is a skinless and boneless chiken meat cooked halfway, then slice it with basic ingridients mentioned above. The idea of cooking the meat halfway or imbaliktad is to cook the existing blood in them.
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6/21/2015 3:50:00 PM
I thought you would also want to know these terms: Papait/ Papaitan/ Pinapaitan. ie. Kilawen na may papait./ Papait ang nagpapasarap sa kilawen na kambing. (Hindi maganda ang amoy nito, pero masarap).

I am NOT an expert of ILOCANO language. I was raised by Ilocano parents and physically lived in Ilocandia region for ten (10) years before my family relocated to foreign country.
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